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Main Uses of Individual Nutritional & Herbal Supplements

This table indicates some of the main uses of the nutrients found in nutritional and herbal supplements and is based on scientific studies (human and animal) collated from the Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database as referenced below.

It is intended for information purposes only and not for self-diagnosis or as a substitute for visiting a health professional. The effects indicated may not necessarily occur in all individuals and it is important that these supplements are considered as measures in addition to a healthy diet, positive attitude and regular physical activity.




Category

Main Functions/Actions/Benefits

Works Well With

Amino Acids

Arginine

Immunity, heart health (angina26, arterial disease27), fertility(sperm maturity and motility28), erectile dysfunction29, healing and repair, kidney function

 

Carnitine

Energy production, fertility (sperm motility13), heart14and muscle function

 

Cysteine

Antioxidant, breaks down mucous, compulsive behaviour1, insulin sensitivity38

 

Glutamine

Mental function, maintains and builds muscle, gut wall integrity

Aloe vera, deglycerrhized licorice

Lysine

Cold sores, collagen synthesis, hair and bone health

Vitamin C, calcium

Methionine

Antioxidant, liver support, mood

 

Phenylalanine

Mood and vitiligo2

 

Taurine

Bile production, heart function3, arrhthmias4

 

Theanine

Nervous system relaxant, anti-anxiety, learning and memory

 

Threonine

Nervous support, antispastic5

 

Tryptophan

Mood swings, PMS6, sleep

 

Tyrosine

Mood, thyroid health

Iodine, selenium

Essential Fatty Acids

Cell membrane function and cell communication-correct balance is important

Zinc, magnesium, Vitamin B6

Omega 3

Heart, brain, skin, joint and eye health, anti-inflammatory, insulin resistance7, depression8

 

Omega 6

Heart, brain and skin health, anti-inflammatory

 

Fibres

Water insoluble

Constipation

 

Water soluble

Constipation, improved colon function, blood sugar balance, cholesterol lowering

 

Minerals

Magnesium

Bone health, muscle relaxation (arrthymias9, period pain, headaches including menstrual migraines10, high blood pressure, constipation, insomnia) energy, insulin action

Vitamin B6

Calcium

Bone health, PMS11, high blood pressure, muscle cramps, insomnia

Vitamin D, magnesium, phosphorus, boron, vitamin K

Iron

Anaemia, brain function, heavy periods, ‘restless leg syndrome’12

Vitamin C

Zinc

Antioxidant, acne1516, wound healing, colds, cold sores, fertility, vision, age-related macular degeneration(AMD)17, taste/appetite, smell, mood, memory

 

Selenium

Antioxidant, thyroid function18, cholesterol lowering, fertility19, mood, heavy metal binding20

 

Chromium

Blood sugar control, sugar craving/appetite, cholesterol lowering

Vitamin B3

Iodine

Thyroid health, radiation exposure21

Selenium, tyrosine

Probiotics

Gut immune function and allergies, digestive health incl. diarrhoea and constipation, cholesterol lowering, autism22.

Soluble fibres

Multivitamins

Improve nutrient status40

 

Vitamins

Vitamin A + Carotenoids

Antioxidant, immune function, skin and mucous membranes, measles23, vision, wound healing

Vitamin E, vitamin C, zinc, selenium

Vitamin B complex

Energy production, nerve function, depression/anxiety, liver health

 

Vitamin C

Antioxidant, immune function-allergies, hay fever , heart health (atherosclosis24, lower blood pressure, cholesterol lowering), fertility, collagen, cartilage (osteoarthritis 25) bruising, wound healing, vision

Iron, vitamin E

Vitamin D

Bone and muscle health30, heart disease31, infections, auto-immune conditions32, migraine33, mood34

Vitamin K

Vitamin E

Antioxidant, immune function, heart health (atherosclorosis35), fertility(sperm and ova36), wound healing, PMS37, menopause39

Vitamin C, selenium

Vitamin K

Blood clotting, bone health

 

Other Nutrients

Chondroitin

Osteoarthritis46

Glucosamine

Coenzyme Q10

Antioxidant, immunity, heart health41, energy(mitochondrial dysfunction42), blood pressure lowering43, migraine44

 

Glucosamine

Osteoarthritis45

Chondroitin, MSM, vitamin C

Lecithin

Cholesterol lowering47, gallstones48, homocysteine lowering49 , mood50

 

Quercetin

Antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, prostate health54, hayfever55

Vitamin C

Resveratrol

Antioxidant, heart health51,blood sugar control-insulin sensitivity99

 

Rutin

Antioxidant, capillary strength52, blood thinning53

 

Herbs

Astragulus

(Astragalus membranaceus)

Immune function, hay fever56, liver protectant57

 

Bilberry+Blueberry (Vaccinium spp)

Antioxidant, urinary tract protectant58eye health59

 

Black cohosh

(Actaea racemosa)

Menopause107, bone health108.

St John’s wort

 

Boswellia/frankincense

(Boswellia serrata)

Anti-inflammatory, arthritis60, inflammatory bowel disease61

 

Chasteberry

(Vitex agnus-castus)

PMS109, menopause110, female fertility111

 

Cranberry

(Vaccinium macrocarpon)

Antioxidant, urinary tract infection62

Probiotics

Dong quai/ Dang gui

(Angelica sinesis)

Anti-inflammatory, anti-septic63,menopause64

Premature ejaculation65

Chamomile

 

Devils claw

(Harpagophytum procumbens)

Anti-inflammatory, arthritis66, back pain67

 

Echinacea

(Echinacea purpurea , E.angustifolia, E.pallida)

Immune function, common cold68, respiratory tract infection69, antifungal-candida70

 

Elderberry

(Sambucus nigra)

Immune function, antiviral-influenza71

 

Eyebright

(Euphrasia officinalis)

Anti-inflammatory, eye health72

 

Fenugreek

(Trigonella foenum-graecum)

Blood sugar control73 , cholesterol lowering74, gastric reflux75

 

Garlic

(Allium sativum)

Antioxidant, immune function, heart health-blood pressure76, atherosclerosis77platelet aggregation81, cholesterol lowering78, antimicrobial79, insect repellent80

 

Ginkgo

(Ginkgo biloba)

Antioxidant, brain function82, memory83, dementia84, vision85, PMS86, peripheral vascular disease87, Raynaud’s88, vertigo89

Korean ginseng

Ginseng (Korean)

(Panax ginseng)

Brain function90, blood sugar control91, erectile dysfunction92, premature ejaculation93, fatigue114

 

Ginseng (Siberian)

(Eleutherococcus senticosus)

Antioxidant, immune function-common cold94, herpes95, fatigue114

 

Hawthorn

(Crataegus laevigata,)

Heart health-heart failure96, contractive force97, arrthymias + blood pressure98

 

Liquorice

(Glycyrrhiza glabra)

Anti-inflammatory, digestion-peptic ulcers100, liver health101, anti-viral102

 

Milk thistle

(Silybum marianum)

Antioxidant, Anti-inflammatory, blood sugar control103, liver health104

 

Olive leaf

(Olea europaea)

Antioxidant, antibacterial105

 

Red clover

(Trifolium pratense)

PMS106, menopause107

 

Rhodiola

(Rhodiola rosea)

Mood-depression112, anxiety113, mental + physical fatigue114, physical endurance115

 

Saw palmetto

(Serenoa repens)

Anti-inflammatory, male reproductive health-benign prostatic hyperplasia116, alopecia arretta117

nettle

St John’s wort

(Hypericum perforatum)

Anti-inflammatory, Mood-depression118, menopause119, would healing120

 

Turmeric

(Curcuma longa)

Anti-inflammatory, indigestion121, arthritis122

pepper

 

 

 

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