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Main Uses of Individual Nutritional & Herbal Supplements

This table indicates some of the main uses of the nutrients found in nutritional and herbal supplements and is based on scientific studies (human and animal) collated from the Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database as referenced below.

It is intended for information purposes only and not for self-diagnosis or as a substitute for visiting a health professional. The effects indicated may not necessarily occur in all individuals and it is important that these supplements are considered as measures in addition to a healthy diet, positive attitude and regular physical activity.


Main Functions/Actions/Benefits

Works Well With

Amino Acids


Immunity, heart health (angina26, arterial disease27), fertility(sperm maturity and motility28), erectile dysfunction29, healing and repair, kidney function



Energy production, fertility (sperm motility13), heart14and muscle function



Antioxidant, breaks down mucous, compulsive behaviour1, insulin sensitivity38



Mental function, maintains and builds muscle, gut wall integrity

Aloe vera, deglycerrhized licorice


Cold sores, collagen synthesis, hair and bone health

Vitamin C, calcium


Antioxidant, liver support, mood



Mood and vitiligo2



Bile production, heart function3, arrhthmias4



Nervous system relaxant, anti-anxiety, learning and memory



Nervous support, antispastic5



Mood swings, PMS6, sleep



Mood, thyroid health

Iodine, selenium

Essential Fatty Acids

Cell membrane function and cell communication-correct balance is important

Zinc, magnesium, Vitamin B6

Omega 3

Heart, brain, skin, joint and eye health, anti-inflammatory, insulin resistance7, depression8


Omega 6

Heart, brain and skin health, anti-inflammatory



Water insoluble



Water soluble

Constipation, improved colon function, blood sugar balance, cholesterol lowering




Bone health, muscle relaxation (arrthymias9, period pain, headaches including menstrual migraines10, high blood pressure, constipation, insomnia) energy, insulin action

Vitamin B6


Bone health, PMS11, high blood pressure, muscle cramps, insomnia

Vitamin D, magnesium, phosphorus, boron, vitamin K


Anaemia, brain function, heavy periods, ‘restless leg syndrome’12

Vitamin C


Antioxidant, acne1516, wound healing, colds, cold sores, fertility, vision, age-related macular degeneration(AMD)17, taste/appetite, smell, mood, memory



Antioxidant, thyroid function18, cholesterol lowering, fertility19, mood, heavy metal binding20



Blood sugar control, sugar craving/appetite, cholesterol lowering

Vitamin B3


Thyroid health, radiation exposure21

Selenium, tyrosine


Gut immune function and allergies, digestive health incl. diarrhoea and constipation, cholesterol lowering, autism22.

Soluble fibres


Improve nutrient status40



Vitamin A + Carotenoids

Antioxidant, immune function, skin and mucous membranes, measles23, vision, wound healing

Vitamin E, vitamin C, zinc, selenium

Vitamin B complex

Energy production, nerve function, depression/anxiety, liver health


Vitamin C

Antioxidant, immune function-allergies, hay fever , heart health (atherosclosis24, lower blood pressure, cholesterol lowering), fertility, collagen, cartilage (osteoarthritis 25) bruising, wound healing, vision

Iron, vitamin E

Vitamin D

Bone and muscle health30, heart disease31, infections, auto-immune conditions32, migraine33, mood34

Vitamin K

Vitamin E

Antioxidant, immune function, heart health (atherosclorosis35), fertility(sperm and ova36), wound healing, PMS37, menopause39

Vitamin C, selenium

Vitamin K

Blood clotting, bone health


Other Nutrients




Coenzyme Q10

Antioxidant, immunity, heart health41, energy(mitochondrial dysfunction42), blood pressure lowering43, migraine44




Chondroitin, MSM, vitamin C


Cholesterol lowering47, gallstones48, homocysteine lowering49 , mood50



Antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, prostate health54, hayfever55

Vitamin C


Antioxidant, heart health51,blood sugar control-insulin sensitivity99



Antioxidant, capillary strength52, blood thinning53




(Astragalus membranaceus)

Immune function, hay fever56, liver protectant57


Bilberry+Blueberry (Vaccinium spp)

Antioxidant, urinary tract protectant58eye health59


Black cohosh

(Actaea racemosa)

Menopause107, bone health108.

St John’s wort



(Boswellia serrata)

Anti-inflammatory, arthritis60, inflammatory bowel disease61



(Vitex agnus-castus)

PMS109, menopause110, female fertility111



(Vaccinium macrocarpon)

Antioxidant, urinary tract infection62


Dong quai/ Dang gui

(Angelica sinesis)

Anti-inflammatory, anti-septic63,menopause64

Premature ejaculation65



Devils claw

(Harpagophytum procumbens)

Anti-inflammatory, arthritis66, back pain67



(Echinacea purpurea , E.angustifolia, E.pallida)

Immune function, common cold68, respiratory tract infection69, antifungal-candida70



(Sambucus nigra)

Immune function, antiviral-influenza71



(Euphrasia officinalis)

Anti-inflammatory, eye health72



(Trigonella foenum-graecum)

Blood sugar control73 , cholesterol lowering74, gastric reflux75



(Allium sativum)

Antioxidant, immune function, heart health-blood pressure76, atherosclerosis77platelet aggregation81, cholesterol lowering78, antimicrobial79, insect repellent80



(Ginkgo biloba)

Antioxidant, brain function82, memory83, dementia84, vision85, PMS86, peripheral vascular disease87, Raynaud’s88, vertigo89

Korean ginseng

Ginseng (Korean)

(Panax ginseng)

Brain function90, blood sugar control91, erectile dysfunction92, premature ejaculation93, fatigue114


Ginseng (Siberian)

(Eleutherococcus senticosus)

Antioxidant, immune function-common cold94, herpes95, fatigue114



(Crataegus laevigata,)

Heart health-heart failure96, contractive force97, arrthymias + blood pressure98



(Glycyrrhiza glabra)

Anti-inflammatory, digestion-peptic ulcers100, liver health101, anti-viral102


Milk thistle

(Silybum marianum)

Antioxidant, Anti-inflammatory, blood sugar control103, liver health104


Olive leaf

(Olea europaea)

Antioxidant, antibacterial105


Red clover

(Trifolium pratense)

PMS106, menopause107



(Rhodiola rosea)

Mood-depression112, anxiety113, mental + physical fatigue114, physical endurance115


Saw palmetto

(Serenoa repens)

Anti-inflammatory, male reproductive health-benign prostatic hyperplasia116, alopecia arretta117


St John’s wort

(Hypericum perforatum)

Anti-inflammatory, Mood-depression118, menopause119, would healing120



(Curcuma longa)

Anti-inflammatory, indigestion121, arthritis122






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